FT European business schools 2021: Methodology and key

This is the 18th yearly Economic Moments ranking of European small business colleges. It is a composite ranking centered on the merged general performance of Europe’s primary schools across the five principal rankings of programmes published by the FT in 2021: MBA, Government MBA, Masters in Management (MiM) and in 2020 for the two rankings of non-degree government training programmes as we did not operate the Custom made and Open rankings this yr. The Online MBA and Masters in Finance rankings are not bundled.

The European faculty rank is calculated right after removing non-European educational institutions for each and every of these key rankings. MBA, EMBA and MiM account for 25 for every cent every single of just about every school’s overall functionality. For Government Education, the scores attained for customised and open programmes every account for 12.5 for each cent. Schools have to have a bare minimum full excess weight of 25 out of a attainable 100 for all five rankings to be eligible.

Schools ranked with a joint programme get a proportional share of the programme’s indexed score. For example, Essec gets 50 for every cent of the rating achieved by its joint EMBA programme with Mannheim — worthy of 12.5 for every cent of the possible 100 total body weight.

The ranking steps the schools’ high quality and breadth of programmes. Quality is offered a increased emphasis so that educational institutions featuring substantial-high-quality training but not offering all the distinct courses regarded as can nonetheless execute strongly over-all.

Best 95 European Small business Educational institutions ranking of 2021

Le Centorial small business centre housing France’s Edhec school

Come across out which are the most effective European small business schools, according to the Financial Situations.

An indexed score is produced for each individual ranking. These scores are then added jointly, in accordance to the weighting higher than, making a blended overall for each individual school, which comprises a single third of the ultimate rating. The remaining two-thirds is an common rating, derived by dividing the complete score for every single school by the selection of rankings in which it features.

Scores are not simply just based on aggregation of revealed ranking positions. They are calculated working with Z-scores — formulas that replicate the variety amongst the top rated and bottom college — for the person standards that make up each element position. 

The pursuing principles are certain to the FT composite European ranking: 

  • Programmes rated outside the house the revealed tables for MBA, Government Training, Masters in Management and EMBA are taken into thing to consider. They are shown with an asterisk.

  • If a university has much more than a person programme in the very same position, a combined weighted score is awarded. HEC Paris gets 33 for every cent of the rating attained by the Trium World-wide EMBA and the remaining 67 for every cent from its own single programme.

 Judith Pizer of Pizer-MacMillan acted as the FT’s database guide. 

Essential to the 2021 rating

Weights for rating criteria are proven in brackets as a proportion.

The European Organization Colleges ranking is centered on the overall scores that each school has attained for each individual rating in which it features, such as MBA, Govt Training, Masters in Administration and EMBA. The composite rating is not exclusively based on the knowledge shown in the European schools table.


European rank (25): position amongst European colleges that took section in the 2021 FT global MBA ranking.

Wage now $: average alumni salary 3 decades after completion, US$ by obtaining energy parity (PPP). Incorporates weighted information from the latest and two prior a long time, the place obtainable.

Income increase (%): average distinction in alumni wage among pre-MBA and now, three decades following completion.


European rank (25): position amid European faculties that took part in the 2021 EMBA position.

Wage today $: average alumni income a few decades immediately after completion, US$ PPP. Incorporates weighted information from the current and two former decades, the place offered.

Wage increase (%): average change in alumni income involving pre-EMBA and now, a few decades just after completion.

Masters in Administration

European rank (25): situation among European educational facilities that participated in the 2021 FT MiM ranking.

Salary nowadays $: average alumni income 3 years soon after completion, US$ PPP. Contains weighted information from the current and two previous years, the place available.

Income increase (%): average variation in alumni income concerning completion and now, three decades following completion.

Govt Schooling*

Open programmes (12.5): place among European faculties that participated in the FT ranking of open up-enrolment programmes in 2020.

Custom made programmes (12.5): situation amongst European faculties that participated in the FT position of customised programmes in 2020.

* We did not run the Custom made and Open rankings in 2021.


Female school: percentage of female complete-time faculty.

International school: percentage of complete-time college whose citizenship differs from region of work.

Faculty with doctorates: percentage of comprehensive-time school with a doctoral diploma.

# Determine in brackets refers to details from separate joint programme for schools with extra than one particular diploma ranked.

† Wage increase in 3 a long time from completion to now for Masters in Management. For MBA and EMBA, the ordinary difference in alumni wage is amongst just before the degree and now, 3 decades after completion.

‡ College data are provided for data — taken from surveys for the 2021 tables. Colleges that only element in Govt Instruction have supplied faculty knowledge, as of September 2021. 

* School was rated outside the remaining table in 2021 for MBA, EMBA or Masters in Management, or for Custom and Open up in 2020. 

** College participated in this rating on the foundation of a joint programme only. Fundamental score dependent on proportion of full score.